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IN BRIEF - One day, you may get soft-shell crabs from Mississippi

UNITED STATES
Monday, February 11, 2019

OCEAN SPRINGS, Miss. - That soft-shell crab you enjoy at your favorite seafood restaurant or that cocktail crab you order as an appetizer likely came from Southeast Asia, not the Mississippi Gulf.

But, if research at the University of Southern Mississippi's Blue Crab Hatchery pans out, you might one day be eating soft-shell blue crabs farmed by Coastal fishermen in ponds on their own land.

"What this work does is a diversification of the blue crab industry," said Kelly Lucas, aquaculture director at the Thad Cochran Marine Aquaculture Center, located near the Blue Crab Hatchery in Ocean Springs. "Fishermen can switch from the wild to supplement their fishing by raising (blue crabs)."

Source: Daily Journal


IN BRIEF - Replacing fish-based aquaculture feed with plant-based increases environmental impacts

WORLDWIDE
Thursday, April 25, 2019

The sustainability of farmed seafood is directly tied to how efficiently the animals turn their feed into flesh, aka food for people. Farms that use more feed to grow the same amount of food are more impactful than others. But what also matters is the kind of feed given to cultured species. Typically, fish and shrimp are fed fishmeal, a kind of feed made from ground-up fish. Fishmeal can be made from the excess trimmings of fish processing, but there are several wild-caught fisheries that only serve to be reduced into fishmeal for aquaculture, e.g. Peruvian anchoveta. However, with a growing market for farmed seafood, fishmeal is in high demand.

This has raised fishmeal prices worldwide; so some shrimp farms, most of which are in developing countries, have begun to substitute fishmeal with plant-based feeds. A recent paper in Sustainability, Malcorps et al. 2019, set out to measure the environmental and social impact of substituting fishmeal for plant-based feed in farmed shrimp. Currently, shrimp feeds are 20-30% fishmeal, depending on the shrimp species being farmed—what would the environmental impact be if those percentages dropped?

Source: Sustainable Fisheries


IN BRIEF - How Canada’s fledgling land shrimp industry is working toward becoming the 'new cannabis'

CANADA
Thursday, April 25, 2019

AYLMER, ONT. — In the middle of giving a tour, Sheldon Garfinkle peers into one of his company’s water tanks. Blue shrimp the size of fingers dart away from him, hiding in the far corners.

“They can hear us,” he said. “They are very sensitive creatures.”

Garfinkle’s great accomplishment is that these sensitive shrimp are alive at all, trotting around tanks stacked six levels high. For five years, the biggest problem in Canada’s fledgling, indoor shrimping business has been dead shrimp. If the water is too cold, they die. If the filtration isn’t right, they die.

For the few shrimp farmers operating in Canada, a 50-per-cent survival rate is an achievement. As a result, homegrown shrimp has been a rare delicacy, served infrequently by chefs and high-end fishmongers.

Source: Financial Post


IN BRIEF - Korean and Spanish tuna fishing vessels attacked, fired upon, Indian ocean

INDIA
Thursday, April 25, 2019

On Apr 19 five suspected pirates captured a Yemeni dhow FV AL AZHAM off the coast of Somalia. Two days later on 21 April, the pirates attacked the Korean fishing vessel ADRIA with the dhow acting as a mothership in the Indian Ocean some 280 nautical miles off the coast of Somalia. FV ADRIA started to conduct evasive manoeuvres and increased its speed. The Spanish Fishing Vessel TXORI ARGI was operating in the vicinity and proceeded to assist the FV ADRIA as she continued to be chased by the skiffs. After approximately one hour, both vessels were approached by the skiffs and fired upon with what was believed to be a rocket propelled grenade. The Private Armed Security Teams (PAST) on board of both tuna fishing vessels responded, and the skiffs retreated. That same day, another Fishing Vessel, FV SHIN SHUEN FAR 889, also reported having been approached by two skiffs, which both retreated when the PAST on board revealed their weapons.

On 21 April, EU NAVFOR dispatched its Maritime Patrol Aircrafts (MPRAs) and conducted a search in the area, resulting in identifying the mothership. On 23 April, in collaboration with its MPRAs, EU NAVFOR’s flagship ESPS NAVARRA successfully intercepted and boarded the captured dhow vessel. EU NAVFOR apprehended five suspected pirates, and the 23 hostages aboard the hijacked FV Al Azham were released unharmed.On Apr 19 five suspected pirates captured a Yemeni dhow FV AL AZHAM off the coast of Somalia. Two days later on 21 April, the pirates attacked the Korean fishing vessel ADRIA with the dhow acting as a mothership in the Indian Ocean some 280 nautical miles off the coast of Somalia. FV ADRIA started to conduct evasive manoeuvres and increased its speed. The Spanish Fishing Vessel TXORI ARGI was operating in the vicinity and proceeded to assist the FV ADRIA as she continued to be chased by the skiffs. After approximately one hour, both vessels were approached by the skiffs and fired upon with what was believed to be a rocket propelled grenade. The Private Armed Security Teams (PAST) on board of both tuna fishing vessels responded, and the skiffs retreated. That same day, another Fishing Vessel, FV SHIN SHUEN FAR 889, also reported having been approached by two skiffs, which both retreated when the PAST on board revealed their weapons.

Source: Fleet Mon


IN BRIEF - Salmon Conference Calls For Innovative Solutions To Protect Fish

UNITED STATES
Thursday, April 25, 2019

What to do with the four Lower Snake River dams and how to best protect imperiled salmon have been a tough questions for decades. They were the focus at a conference on salmon Tuesday at Boise State University’s Andrus Center for Public Policy.

Bonneville Power Administration’s top official said removing the dams would be a difficult task.

Elliot Mainzer, the head of BPA, said he’s doing “significant due diligence” to understand the best path forward to protect salmon, while still keeping energy costs low. He said the administration must adapt and change.

“We’ve got to try to lean in a bit more for the fish,” Mainzer said.

Source: Northwest Public Broadcasting


IN BRIEF - Scotland's wild salmon stocks 'at lowest ever level'

UNITED KINGDOM
Wednesday, April 24, 2019

Wild salmon catches in Scotland are at their lowest level since records began, government figures have revealed.

Fisheries Management Scotland said new data highlighted that stocks of the fish are at "crisis point".

The total reported catch through rod fishing was 37,196 for 2018, which was just 67% of the previous five-year average total.

The vast majority of these, 93%, were caught and then released back into the water.

Source: BBC


IN BRIEF - Multi-agency task force to check intrusion by foreign fishermen - Muhyiddin

MALAYSIA
Wednesday, April 24, 2019

PUTRAJAYA - A multi-agency task force will be set up soon to check the increasing incidence of encroachment by foreign fishermen, Home Minister Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin said today.

The task force will be led by the Home Ministry, with members from the Defence Ministry, Foreign Ministry, Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (MMEA), Royal Malaysian Navy (RMN), Royal Malaysia Police (PDRM), Immigration Department, Fisheries Department, Malaysian Fisheries Development Authority (LKIM) and Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC), he said.

"They will conduct special operations soon, and it is hoped that this action will put an end to encroachment by foreign fishermen,” he told a media conference at his ministry here.

Source: Bernama


IN BRIEF - Can aquaculture meet East Africa’s hunger for fish?

CHINA
Wednesday, April 24, 2019

Driving along the shores of Lake Victoria near Entebbe in Uganda, local leader Matia Lwanga Bwanika asked his driver to stop. Getting out of the car, he walked slowly into the swamplands by the lake and shook his head disapprovingly at the sight in front of him.

Fish farmers had dug up a big area of the once marshy papyrus wetland, turning it into a series of tightly packed rectangular ponds.

“This is wrong,” said Bwanika, who is the district chairperson for Wakiso and has made a name for himself as a protector of forests and wetlands. “They are literally destroying the entire wetland.”

The wetlands surround Lake Victoria, which at 68,800 square kilometres is Africa’s largest body of freshwater and drains into the Nile River. They are a natural filter for waste and chemicals, giving them an essential role in maintaining the lake as a functioning ecosystem.

Source: China Dialogue Ocean


IN BRIEF - Fish stock threat is real – Minister warns

GHANA
Wednesday, April 24, 2019

Ghana’s fishing stock is fast-depleting and likely to collapse in the near-future if measures are not put in place, Minister of Fisheries and Aquaculture Development, Naa Afoley Quaye, has revealed.

She said there has not been a bumper harvest since the late 90s; a situation which she said might collapse the country’s fishing industry if proper measures are not taken to reverse the situation.

The minister disclosed this when she officially declared an end to the closed-season of the Densu Estuary for oyster pickers in the Ga South Municipal Assembly of the Greater Accra Region.

Source: Ghana Web


IN BRIEF - Slow Fish Australia Keeps the Conversation about Sustainable Seafood Going

AUSTRALIA
Tuesday, April 23, 2019

Last month in Melbourne, the second Slow Fish Australia festival brought together fishers, marine scientists, seafood industry representatives, chefs, and consumers together to talk about the state of our oceans and fisheries.

Organised by Slow Food Melbourne, Slow Fish Australia sprung up largely in response to one particular event and its subsequent impact: the Victorian state government’s 2014 decision to close down commercial net fishing. This has made it almost impossible to buy fresh, local, sustainably caught seafood in Melbourne, a city of 4 million people that is renowned for its food scene. Instead, over 80% of the city’s seafood is now imported.

Not all net fishing is created equal, and the government ban has hit small, artisan fishers the hardest. The primary species caught around Melbourne, in Port Phillip Bay, are small, schooling fish that regenerate quickly. Fishers here use sustainable, traditional net-fishing methods like purse seining and haul seining, which include sorting the fish live, by hand, while they are still in the water. Bycatch is virtually zero, and the biennial State of Australian Fish Stocks reports routinely classify the commercial fish species caught here as totally sustainable.

Source: Slow Food


IN BRIEF - Illegal fishing and Liberia's battle to save the sea

LIBERIA
Tuesday, April 23, 2019

Illegal fishing is a huge problem in West Africa. Seven million people live along the coast and the sea is their livelihood. This source of income is in jeopardy. Industrial fishing fleets from Europe and China and are ravaging coastal fish stocks. Liberia’s government has been working with Sea Shepherd for two years to try and stop illegal fishing.

Soure: DW


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