IN BRIEF - Supreme Court Affirms Native American Treaty Rights to Harvest Salmon
Thursday, June 14, 2018
The Supreme Court affirmed the treaty rights of tribal nations in Washington state Monday in a case that also confirms the treaty rights of tribes throughout the West. By ruling to leave in place a lower court decision mandating that the state of Washington replace salmon blocking culverts with passable ones, the court upheld the treaty rights of tribes to have sustained access to their First Foods: salmon.
The tribes in Washington state are rejoicing.
"It's a fantastic day for Indian country," Willie Frank, the son of Billy Frank Jr., said this morning. Billy Frank Jr. was the Nisqually activist whose activism helped bring about the landmark Boldt Decision which, in 1974, reaffirmed the rights of tribes in Washington state to harvest salmon and co-manage them alongside state managers. More than 50 years later, his son Frank said the recent court decision helped build on the legacy of that original ruling.
Sea Shepherd’s flagship vessel the M/Y Steve Irwin has conducted multiple campaigns in defense of the world’s oceans, from protecting pilot whales in the Faroes, blue fin tuna in the Mediterranean, and humpback whales off the Kimberley coast, to shutting down six illegal Chinese drift-netters in the South Indian Ocean, and six illegal tooth fish poachers in the Southern Ocean. Not least, it has conducted nine Antarctic whale defence campaigns in the Southern Ocean Whale Sanctuary helping save over 6,000 whales from the illegal Japanese whaling fleet. The Steve Irwin has safeguarded one of the last large intact marine ecosystems on the planet in the Great Australian Bight (knocking out BP and Chevron), most recently visiting the Great Barrier Reef in opposition of the Adani coal mine.
Prior to Sea Shepherd obtaining the M/Y Steve Irwin, it served as a Scottish fisheries patrol vessel, built in 1975. So, in essence, the Steve has been defending marine wildlife its whole life. Sea Shepherd has always taken great pride and appreciation in getting permission from the Irwin family to rename our ship the Steve Irwin back in 2007, in continuing the legacy and honoring Australia’s great wildlife warrior.
Sadly, our Steve is at the end of its life and we need to retire the vessel. We have reached out to many organisations and governments to look at options such as turning the Steve into a dive site or donating it to a maritime museum. However, with none of these options eventuating or being practical, the Steve Irwin will be recycled.
Aeromonas salmonicida (A. salmonicida) is a pathogenic bacterium that causes furunculosis and poses a significant global risk, particularly in economic activities such as Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) farming. In a previous study, we identified proteins that are significantly upregulated in kidneys of Atlantic salmon challenged with A. salmonicida.
Phosphoproteomic analyses were conducted to further clarify the dynamic changes in protein phosphorylation patterns triggered by bacterial infection. To our knowledge, this is the first study to characterize phosphorylation events in proteins from A. salmonicida-infected Atlantic salmon. Overall, we identified over 5635 phosphorylation sites in 3112 proteins, and 1502 up-regulated and 77 down-regulated proteins quantified as a 1.5-fold or greater change relative to control levels.
Based on the combined data from proteomic and motif analyses, we hypothesize that five prospective novel kinases (VRK3, GAK, HCK, PKCd and RSK6) with common functions in inflammatory processes and cellular pathways to regulate apoptosis and the cytoskeleton could serve as potential biomarkers against bacterial propagation in fish. Data from STRING-based functional network analyses indicate that fga is the most central protein. Our collective findings provide new insights into protein phosphorylation patterns, which may serve as effective indicators of A. salmonicida infection in Atlantic salmon.
Freezing food preserves it from the time it is prepared to the time it is eaten. Since early times, farmers, fishermen, and trappers have preserved grains and produce in unheated buildings during the winter season. Freezing food slows down decomposition by turning residual moisture into ice, inhibiting the growth of most bacterial species. In the food commodity industry, there are two processes: mechanical and cryogenic (or flash freezing).
The freezing kinetics is important to preserve the food quality and texture. Quicker freezing generates smaller ice crystals and maintains cellular structure. Cryogenic freezing is the quickest freezing technology available due to the ultra low liquid nitrogen temperature 196 C (320 F).
PETIT-DE-GRAT, N.S. - Three Cape Breton sea farms will explore market opportunities into the seaweed aquaculture industry over the next few years.
The federal government, through the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency, announced Tuesday afternoon in Petit de Grat, Richmond County, that it would provide AUD 248,816 in support of the Aquaculture Association of Nova Scotia’s development of a burgeoning sugar kelp industry in Cape Breton.
The association will conduct on-site trials at Premium Seafoods in Arichat, Bounty Bay Shellfish in St. Anns and Louisbourg Seafoods’ Cape Breton Bivalve Inc. facility in Englishtown.
Many native fish species are declining in the Greater Wellington region in part because they are having trouble swimming through our waterways - and Greater Wellington Regional Council and Porirua City Council are partnering to address the issue.
The two councils have contracted students to assess the health of local Porirua streams, including locating potential barriers to fish passage. All data is being entered into a centralised national database via the app "NIWA Citizen Science".
Barriers found so far include man-made structures such as culverts and historic water supply weirs which span the width of a stream and may be difficult for some fish species to climb or swim over.
The Board of Mowi ASA has resolved on 13 February 2019 to distribute a quarterly dividend of NOK 2.60 per share in the form of ordinary dividend.
Mowi ASA's shares listed on the Oslo Stock Exchange will be traded including dividend up until and including 21 February 2019.
Mowi ASA's shares listed on the Oslo Stock Exchange will be traded ex dividend from and including 22 February 2019. Mowi ASA's shares listed on the Oslo Stock Exchange will have a Record Date on the 25 February 2019. The expected payment date is 4 March 2019.
Scientists have found a small mirror opposite the wall of the aquarium.
Japanese scientists from Osaka University found that fish recognize themselves when looking in a mirror. According to the newspaper Asahi, these data are the first of its kind and may indicate that fish are the beginnings of consciousness.
During the experiment, Japanese researchers have placed in the aquarium with the tropical fish from the family of cleaners that are often found in the waters of Japan. The researchers then mounted a small mirror opposite the wall of the aquarium. The fish immediately began to attack his reflection, showing what it perceives as an invader in their territory. However, over time the animal began to study the movements of its “double”, to move up and down along the walls of the tank and rotated around its axis. On the fifth day of the experiment, the fish calmed down and stopped reacting to what is happening in the mirror.
Minister for Fisheries J. Mercykutty Amma has said that the government is targeting a three-fold increase in domestic fish production.
“The government has been implementing innovative projects to expand fish production. Projects worth ?9.5 crore have been implemented in inland fisheries sector.
The four hatcheries in the district could produce 2,50,000 freshwater fish seeds and 43,50,000 shrimp seeds. Kulathupuzha and Kanatharkulam hatcheries have already received ?4.9 crore and ?9.5 crore has been sanctioned for the second phase,” she said.
The Minister was inaugurating the distribution of financial aid to fish farmers who suffered huge damages during the floods. Various freshwater farming projects implemented by the government with 40% subsidy had yielded 3766 ton fish so far, she added.