Project that regulates giant squid capture ready to be enacted as law
Wednesday, January 09, 2019, 23:20 (GMT + 9)
The project that regulates the giant squid capture is already in condition to pass to the Executive to be promulgated as law, after the Chamber of Deputies ratified changes proposed by the Senate.
Chile Chamber of Deputies
In the second procedure, the initiative was subject to three formal clarifications that did not affect the text initially approved by the Chamber.
The bill, which was approved now by the deputies with 115 votes in favor, 2 against and 11 abstentions, establishes that the giant squid (Dosidicus gigas) can only be caught using jigging gear or hand line, while all other type of fishing gear is prohibited.
Giant squid - Chilean artisanal fisherman ►
In addition, the bill establishes that shipowners who violate this norm will be sanctioned with a fine of 500 monthly tributary units (UTM, which corresponds to CLP 24.18 million - approximately USD 35,500 - at the value of December 2018) and the confiscation of the hydrobiological species and the products derived from them.
The new law will come into effect six months after its publication.
The initiative, born in a motion of the deputies Daniel Núñez (PC) and Víctor Torres (DC) in August of 2014, presents within its objectives to ensure a sustainable treatment of this fishing resource.
Data presented by the Fisheries Development Institute (IFOP) indicate that the giant squid is a generalist and cannibalic predator, which has large historical fluctuations of abundance associated with environmental changes and has great plasticity, and according to environmental conditions, individuals can reach three size groups (small, medium and large).
In Chile, the increase in the abundance of this cephalopod is considered as one of the main causes of the collapse of the common hake.
The artisanal fishery began the capture of this resource during the year 2001, and in 2010 the industrial fleet was incorporated, with a historical maximum during that same year, surpassing the 130,000 tonnes landed. In 2012, a catch quota was established, divided by 80 percent for the artisanal fleet and by 20 percent for the industrial fleet. In 2016, the industrial quota was fractioned monthly until August of each year (40,000 tonnes).
Giant squid capture using jigging gear
The fishing yields, measured in tonnes caught per trawl hour, are always higher during the first semester, evidencing strong activity during the first months of the year, due to the greater availability of the resource.
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