～ JCFU Coastal Fisheries Forum What will “New Fisheries Resource Management” bring under the revised Fisheries Act to coastal fishers and fishing cooperatives?
～ Resource management that protects the lives of coastal fishermen and cooperative fisheries management
The revised Fisheries Law came into effect on December 1, 2020. On the same day, the "JCFU Coastal Fisheries Forum" was held at Senator Kaikan's conference room in Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, and was broadcast on I live for IWJ.
The topic of the forum has been "What will the" new management of fisheries resources "bring under the revised Fisheries Law to coastal fishermen and fishermen's cooperatives ?, resource management that protects the lives of coastal fishermen and fishermen cooperative management It was co-sponsored by the JCFU National Coastal Fisheries Liaison Council and the NPO's 21st Century Fisheries Thought Group, and sponsored by the Culture Researchers Association, which supports the future of fisheries relatives.
The revised Fisheries Law limits the amount of fish that can be caught (TAC (amount possible) for the purpose of sustainable use of fishery resources. Moving forward, it aims to protect marine resources and increase catches in the future. However, JCFU notes that these measures pose problems for coastal fisheries management agencies operating family and small-scale fisheries, which represent 94% of Japanese fishers.
At the forum, Mr. Yukihiko Takamatsu, a JCFU co-representative and a fisherman who leads the coastal bluefin tuna fishery on Rishiri Island, Hokkaido, took the stage. Mr. Takamatsu is a plaintiff in the bluefin tuna lawsuit. The demand for bluefin tuna is that in 2017, some fishermen landed a large amount of bluefin tuna that took up most of the catch quota in Hokkaido, so just because they are the same fishermen in Hokkaido, they were assigned a catch quota. 0 for a period of 6 years as joint liability. In response, Mr. Takamatsu, who was in danger of bankruptcy, complained about the inadequacy of the national policy. After being defeated by the Sapporo District Court on November 27, Mr. Takamatsu vigorously appealed the issue.
The video of the Conference is only available in Japanese
Next, Mr. Kazumi Sakuramoto, former chairman of the Council for Fisheries Policy and professor emeritus at Tokyo Marine University, discussed the problems of the country's new fishery resource management measures based on the MSY (maximum sustainable production) theory. western style. Emeritus Professor Sakuramoto said that the MSY theory, which regulates the increase in fishery resources based on the density effect of parental fish and larvae, is incorrect and that the increase or decrease in resources is determined by environmental changes. . He argued that resource management based on the RMS theory had no scientific justification.
Next, Mr. Rikio Sato, former director of the Office for the Promotion of Resource Management of the Fisheries Agency and currently auditor of the Toba Isobe Fisheries Cooperative, said that the revision of the Fisheries Law was aimed at "converting fisheries resources, which are public capital, into private capital (securities). Switching to a system that can make money from market transactions. Resource management is just a cover for that and he indicated that "Japanese fishermen are becoming in peasants ", and made a very strong criticism based on his own experience and knowledge. He also proposed a way to approach the new fishing law.
After reading the comment written by Mr. Takao Iwanaka, director of the Yojima Fisheries Cooperative Association in Kagawa Prefecture, he moved on to the last question and answer session with the reporter of the fishing industry newspaper "Minato Shimbun" .
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